Panavia Tornado GR1A Aircraft Data
Photo ID 222935 by Barry Swann. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZG775
The reconnaissance version of the Tornado GR.1 for the RAF. Sixteen GR.1's were modified to GR.1A and fourteen new-built GR.1A's have been built. The two 27mm guns have been removed to make room for the recce equipment.

The foundation for this system is the TIRSS (Tornado Infra Red Reconnaissance System).

The RAF Tornado GR.1A's have no specific defence-suppression capability, but may revert to a secondary attack role with all weapons except WE177B nuclear bombs and internal cannon. They were the first reconnaissance aircraft to dispense completely with traditional film and rely entirely on video. A Vinten 4000 infra-red linescan is mounted in a blister fairing beneath the forward fuselage, giving 180deg coverage. Since details near the horizon are indistinct on its wide-angle presentation, a BAe SLIR (Side Looking Infra Red) sensor with a 10deg field is mounted in each side of the fuselage to cover this area. The system is optimized for ultra-low-level operations under cover of darkness, requires no illumination and is self-stabilising up to an aircraft banking angle of 30deg.
  • Country of Origin: United Kingdom / Germany / Italy
  • First Flight: 1985
  • Initial Service Date: 1989
  • No. Built: 30
  • No. In Service: 0
  • No. of Hardpoints: 8
  • Crew: 2


2× Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk. 101 turbofan at 37.70 kN or 2× Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk. 103 turbofan at 38.48 kN



Air-to-air missiles:
AIM-9 Sidewinder or IRIS-T or AIM-132 ASRAAM

Air-to-surface missiles:
6× AGM-65 Maverick; or
12× Brimstone missile; or
4× Storm Shadow or Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile

Anti-radiation missiles:
4× AGM-88 HARM; or
6× ALARM missile

Hunting Engineering BL755 cluster bombs; or
HOPE/HOSBO GPS/electro-optically guided glide bombs; or
Paveway series of Laser-guided bomb (LGB); or
Up to 2× JP233 or MW-1 munitions dispensers (for runway cratering operations)


Length: 16.72 m.
Wing Span: 13.91 / 8.60 m.
Wing Area: 26.60 m²
Height: 5.95 m.
Empty Weight: 14,091 kg.
Max. Weight: 27,951 kg.
Max. Ordnance Load: 9,000 kg.
Internal Fuel: 5,090 kg.


Max. Speed: 2,338 kph
Cruise Speed: 941.47 kph
Service Ceiling: 15,240 m.
Normal Range: 1,390 km
Max. Range: 3,889.20 km


United Kingdom.

Random great photos of the Panavia Tornado GR1A:

Photo ID 163514 by Joop de Groot. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZG729
Photo ID 183921 by Hans-Werner Klein. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZG775
Photo ID 46418 by Henk Schuitemaker. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZG727
Photo ID 56829 by Rainer Mueller. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZA405
Photo ID 214276 by Henk Schuitemaker. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZG706
Photo ID 244324 by Chris Lofting. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR1A, ZG711
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