Panavia Tornado GR4 Aircraft Data
Photo ID 134650 by Lloyd Horgan. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZD715
In 1984 the UK Ministry of Defence began studies of a Mid-Life Update (MLU) of the aircraft to rectify shortcomings of the GR.1. This update, to Tornado GR.4 standard would improve capability in the medium level role while maintaining the Tornado's exceptional low-level penetration capability. The GR.4 upgrade was approved in 1994, after it had been revised to include lessons learned from the GR.1's performance in the 1991 Gulf War. One major change was the move from low level penetration to medium level attacks, while maintaining the low level capability. The contracts were signed with British Aerospace in 1994 for the upgrade of the GR.1’s to GR.4 standard, work began in 1996 and was finished in 2003.

Upgrades to the more than twenty-year old aircraft included FLIR (Forward-Looking InfraRed), a wide-angle HUD (Heads-Up Display), improved cockpit displays, NVG (Night Vision Goggles) capabilities, new avionics and weapons systems, updated computer systems, and a Global Positioning System receiver. The updated weapons system allowed integration of the latest offensive weapons, for example the Storm Shadow and Brimstone missiles and reconnaissance equipment such as the RAPTOR pod. As of late 2006, the GR.4 fleet is being fitted with a new 12.8-inch Multi-function display in the rear cockpit to replace the circular Combined Radar and Projected Map Display (CRPMD): The BAE Systems Tornado Advanced Radar Display Information System (TARDIS) is an Active-matrix liquid crystal display. TARDIS is currently being fitted to aircraft of the Fast Jet and Weapons Operational Evaluation Unit, before being fitted to all GR.4 aircraft.
  • Country of Origin: United Kingdom / Germany / Italy
  • First Flight: 1997
  • Initial Service Date: 1998
  • No. Built: 89
  • No. In Service: 87
  • No. of Hardpoints: 8
  • Crew: 2

Power:

2× Turbo-Union RB199-34R Mk. 103 turbofan at 8,650 lbf

Weapons:

2× 27mm Mauser BK-27 cannon with 180 rounds per cannon

Missiles:

Air-to-air missiles:
AIM-9 Sidewinder or IRIS-T or AIM-132 ASRAAM

Air-to-surface missiles:
6× AGM-65 Maverick; or
12× Brimstone missile; or
4× Storm Shadow or Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile

Anti-ship missiles:
2× AS.34 Kormoran; or
2× BAe Sea Eagle

Anti-radiation missiles:
4× AGM-88 HARM; or
6× ALARM missile

Bombs:
Hunting Engineering BL755 cluster bombs; or
HOPE/HOSBO GPS/electro-optically guided glide bombs; or
Joint Direct Attack Munition; or
Paveway series of Laser-guided bomb (LGB); or
Up to 2× JP233 or MW-1 munitions dispensers (for runway cratering operations)
Up to 4× WE.177 tactical nuclear weapons

Dimensions:

Length: 54 ft. 10 1/4 in.
Wing Span: 45.64 ft. / 28.22 ft in.
Wing Area: 286.33 sq.ft
Height: 19 ft. 6 1/4 in.
Empty Weight: 31,065 lbs
Max. Weight: 61,620 lbs
Max. Ordnance Load: 19,841 lbs
Internal Fuel: 11,221 lbs

Performance:

Max. Speed: 1,453 mph
Cruise Speed: 585 mph
Service Ceiling: 50,000 ft.
Normal Range: 750 nm
Max. Range: 2,100 nm

Operators:

United Kingdom.

Random great photos of the Panavia Tornado GR4:

Photo ID 174971 by Arie van Groen. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZA459
Photo ID 114832 by Peter Terlouw. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZD747
Photo ID 36279 by Liam Paul McBride. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZD849
Photo ID 185118 by Milos Ruza. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZG779
Photo ID 162461 by Kostas D. Pantios. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZD847
Photo ID 37906 by Ales Hottmar. UK Air Force Panavia Tornado GR4, ZD848
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